Spinach is grown as leafy greens, and this vegetable is considered the most beneficial of all. It first originated in Iran, and in India, it is grown in many states. Iron is found in high quantities in spinach, rapidly increasing the blood in the body. Generally, spinach is eaten throughout the year, but it is used in large quantities in the winter season. As a result, farmers can earn from spinach farming using the correct methods.
Spinach Farming Necessities
Below, we are explaining the essential steps for Spinach farming. It includes planting, caring and harvesting spinach.
Climate And Temperature In Spinach Farming
Winter is ideal for the cultivation of spinach. Its plants easily tolerate the frost that falls in the winter season and also develop well. To do its production with the help of a Sonalika tractor, sandy loam soil is required. Its crop should not be done on waterlogged land. The pH value of the soil is suggested between 6 to 7. Its plants grow well at normal temperatures, requiring a 20-degree temperature for germination. It can easily tolerate a maximum temperature of 30 degrees and a minimum temperature of 5 degrees.
Spinach Field Preparation
To grow advanced varieties of spinach and to get a good yield, it is necessary to have friable soil in the field. For this, the old residues should be destroyed by the first deep ploughing of the field at the beginning. Since the spinach crop is harvested several times, its plants require more fertilisers. Therefore, after ploughing the field, a suitable amount of old cow dung manure should be provided per hectare for sufficient fertiliser.
To mix the manure well in the soil, two to three oblique ploughing should be done by applying a cultivator. After mixing the manure in the soil, use water with ploughing. After this, when the soil of the field starts appearing dry from above, during that time, plough the field once again, due to which the soil of the field will become friable. To prepare the spinach field, it should be made flat by placing a foot on the ground. Due to this, there is no problem with water logging in the field.
Apart from this, 40 K.G. Phosphorus, 30 K.G. Nitrogen, and 40 KG Potash are mixed in the soil by sprinkling in the field at the time of last ploughing, and about 20 K.G. of Urea at the time of harvesting of plants. Sprinkle the amount in the field. Due to this, the plant develops rapidly and becomes ready for harvesting.
Transplanting Season And Method
Spinach seeds are planted all around the year in all regions of India, but September and November are considered suitable for their planting. During the month of July, when there is a rainy season, then its plants grow easily. Planting spinach seeds can be done in two ways: by transplanting and spraying methods. In the transplanting process, spinach seeds are sown on ridges, in which 25 kg of seeds are required per hectare, while in the spraying method, 30 to 35 kg of seeds are needed per hectare. Before transplanting the spinach seeds in the field, they should be treated with the appropriate amount of Bavistin or Captan. Apart from this, soaking seeds in cow urine for 2 to 3 hours can also be treated.
For transplanting, beds and ridges are prepared in the field by the seed transplant method. While preparing these rows, keep a distance of one foot between each row and keep a space of 10 to 15 cm between the seeds planted in the row. Also, its seeds should be buried in the ground two to three centimetres deep so that they can germinate well. Apart from this, for planting the seeds in the field by sprinkling method, beds are prepared in the field of suitable size and sprayed in those beds. The seeds are then manually pressed into the ground.
Plants Irrigation In Spinach Farming
For the good growth of its plants, they need more irrigation because it is necessary to wet the land for planting their seeds. That’s why they should be watered immediately after planting the seeds. But in the broadcasting method, its seeds require dry land. Therefore, irrigation of spinach seeds should be done initially at an interval of 5 to 7 days, due to which the seeds germinate well. In the summer season, they require irrigation twice a week; in the winter season, they require irrigation at an interval of 10 to 12 days. Apart from this, give water to them only when needed during the rainy season.
Spinach Weed Control
Spinach plants require more weed control. Weeds increase the hazard of insects in the plants. Due to this, its yield is affected. Moreover, the natural or chemical method can be used for weed control in spinach crops. To control the weeds chemically, the proper amount of pendimethalin should be sprayed in the field immediately after sowing the seeds with the help of an Ace tractor. The first weeding of spinach plants should be done 15 days after transplanting the seeds. After this, from time to time, when weeds are seen in the middle of the trees in the field, weed them.
Harvesting And Yield In Spinach Farming
The first harvesting of spinach plants should be done after 30 to 40 days of transplanting the seeds. During this time, its plants get ready to yield. When the spinach leaves have fully developed, they should be cut from the ground with a sharp weapon. Harvesting of spinach is done 5 to 7 times. Afterwards, a bundle of cut leaves should be made and tied with a rope. These bundles are prepared for sale in the market after washing them thoroughly in water.
Stay tuned with us for details about leafy vegetable farming.